There are many islands and research bases both above 60° North and below 60° South… Making a QSO with these rarely occupied Bases and Islands is challenging. Here is another exciting adventure into learning more about our world by contacting these cold and difficult areas to reach. Many represent an IOTA group. Most bases when staffed utilize ham radio to maintain communication with home and to keep posted on world events. The stories of exploration and expeditions as well as the QSL cards generated encourage your imagination and interest in such operations. I have listed several popular awards and information regarding bases and islands in the Additional Awards section of this web site to help you to participate in such programs.